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Understanding and Managing Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Kidney Disease


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise due to the increased rate of related comorbidities such as diabetes and hypertension. Patients with CKD are at higher risk of cardiovascular events and atrial fibrillation is more common in this patient population. It is estimated that the prevalence of chronic atrial fibrillation in patients with CKD is two to three times higher than general population. Furthermore, patients with CKD are less likely to stay in sinus rhythm. Atrial fibrillation presents a major burden in this population due to difficult treatment decisions in the setting of a lack of evidence from randomized clinical trials. Patients with CKD have higher risk of stroke with more than half having a CHADS2 score ≥ 2. Anticoagulation have been shown to significantly decrease embolic stroke risk, however bleeding complications such as hemorrhagic stroke is twofold higher with warfarin. Although newer novel anticoagulation drugs have shown promise with lower intracranial hemorrhage risk in comparison to warfarin, lack clinical trial data in CKD and the unavailability of an antidote remains an issue. In this review, we discuss the treatment options available including anticoagulation and the evidence behind them in patients with chronic kidney disease suffering from atrial fibrillation.

Credits: Yazan Khouri; Tiona Stephens; Gloria Ayuba; Hazim Al-Ameri; Nour Juratli; Peter A. McCullough



Biosense Webster
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Introduction to AFib
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