Background The ablation of CTI-AFL dependent atrial flutter could be difficult in patients with complex anatomy of the CTI. The aim of the study was to assess, whether the use of intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) was associated with less fluoroscopy time and faster ablations of cavotricuspid isthmus dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL).
Methods: Patients with an indication for an ablation of a CTI-AFL were enrolled. Patients in which ablation of a CTI-AFL as part of an atrial fibrillation ablation were not included. Randomization was done using the envelope method. Standard techniques (i.e., coronary sinus, 20-polar halo catheter, and an ablation catheter), and criteria of success (bidirectional block through the CTI) were used. In patients randomized to the ablation with ICE, a 10F AcuNav ICE probe was used.
Results: Seventy-nine patients were enrolled; 40 were randomized to ablation with ICE and 39 without ICE. There were no major complications in either group. The X-ray exposure was shorter (3.29±2.6 vs. 5.94±3.43 min, p<0.001) and total X-ray dose was reduced (3.30±1.98 vs. 6.68±5.25 Gy.cm2, p<0.001) in the ICE group. However, the total RF energy ablation time was not different between groups (ICE group: 604.56±380.46 sec vs. 585.82±373.39 sec, p=0.8). The procedure duration was slightly longer in the ICE group (82.0±20.8 vs. 72.1±19.0 min, p=0.03).
Conclusion: The use of ICE for atrial flutter ablation is associated with significantly less fluoroscopy time compared to traditional conventional flutter ablation methods. However, it is not accompanied by reduced ablation time or overall procedure duration.
Credits: Dalibor Herman, Pavel Osmancik, Jana Zdarska, Radka Prochazkova