Vasovagal syncope, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, and inappropriate sinus tachycardia comprise a heterogenous group of common autonomic disorders that are associated with significant symptoms that impair quality of life. Clinical management of these disorders should prioritize conservative non-pharmacological therapies and consider incorporating pharmacological agents for recurrences. The selection and titration of medications may be complicated by the occurrence of potentially overlapping pathophysiological variants, differences in specific clinical presentations, and commonly associated comorbidities. However, with appropriate long-term management and specialist input, most patients note both symptomatic improvement and functional restoration.
Credits: Lucy Y Lei , Derek S Chew , Roopinder K Sandhu , Robert S Sheldon, Satish R Raj