inability to achieve durable pulmonary vein isolation remains a major
limitation to catheter ablation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF).
In this review, we discuss the research performed over the past decade
investigating methods to improve lesion permanence for the goal of durable
pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Investigations evaluating procedural
techniques, adjunctive pharmacologic therapy, and newer energy sources designed
to improve ablation lesion permanence are discussed.
Credits: Duy Thai Nguyen; William H. Sauer