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The Role of Renal Sympathetic Denervation in Atrial Fibrillation


 

Endocardial catheter ablation is a widely used alternative for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Despite technical improvements, and increased understanding of mechanism, and acquired technical experience over many years, the results are not yet optimal. This results in an ongoing search for new therapeutic approaches.

Because cardiac sympathetic drive is potentially responsible for triggering and sustaining AF, modulation of sympathetic tone has been proposed as a viable treatment objective. The early attempts to test this concept were limited by nature=highly intrusive techniques but new approaches and targets have been recently introduced. Specifically, renal nerve ablation has been introduced and the first attempts to employ this technique for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias give as a promise of new therapeutic avenues in near future.

 

This review focuses on the possible role of renal denervation in treatment of atrial fibrillation, the contemporary evidence supporting this approach, and the ongoing trials to establish its therapeutic role. 

Credits: Jedrzej Kosiuk, MD; Evgeny Pokushalov, MD,Phd; Sebastian Hilbert, MD; Gerhard Hindricks, MD; Andreas Bollmann, MD, PhD; Jonathan S. Steinberg, MD



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Introduction to AFib
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