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Which is the appropriate arrhythmia burden to offer RF ablation for RVOT tachycardias?

Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with structurally normal hearts originate from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) in the majority of cases. In the last few decades catheter ablation of these arrhythmias has been proven to be effective. RVOT VT/PVCs may cause disabling symptoms or arrhythmia induced cardiomyopathy. However, the PVC burden at which catheter ablation should be recommended is still controversial. What adds to the controversy is why some patients with only a low number of PVCs can be highly symptomatic and may even develop arrhythmia induced cardiomyopathy, whilst others may have a higher PVC/VT burden and remain asymptomatic and do not develop cardiomyopathy for a long period of time. Therefore, although catheter ablation of RVOT PVCs has high success and low complication rates, the time point of when ablation should be recommended is currently still under debate. This review discusses the treatment strategies and prognosis for RVOT tachycardias and focuses on the question of which arrhythmia burden is appropriate to offer RF ablation.

Credits: Andreas Rillig; Tina Lin; Feifan Ouyang; Karl-Heinz Kuck; Roland Richard Tilz

Biosense Webster
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Introduction to AFib
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