Atrial fibrillation is common in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with a prevalence of 22-32 %. The impact of atrial fibrillation on overall survival, left ventricular function, thromboembolic stroke and quality of life is crucial. This review enlightens incidence, pathophysiology, and clinical symptoms. Early recognition of atrial fibrillation is essential. Monitoring methods for early detection are described. Finally effective therapy options are discussed including oral anticoagulation and the role of interventional catheter-based ablation in the treatment of atrial fibrillation in HCM patients.
Credits: Monica Patten, Simon Pecha, Ali Aydin