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Reduced P-Wave Voltage in Lead I is Associated with Development of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Background: Reduced P-wave voltage in lead 1 (PVL1) has been associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence. This study sought to determine the association between reduced PVL1 and AF in the NSTEMI population and the correlation between reduced PVL1 and interatrial block (IAB)/coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Data were recorded for clinical, echocardiographic, angiographic, electrocardiographic and outcome variables. Patients were followed for a minimum of one year. Chi-square tests, independent samples t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used for the analysis, which was done using IBM SPSS. Results: A total of 322 consecutive patients were included in the analysis. Patients with new-onset AF had a significantly lower PVL1 (0.085 ± 0.030mV vs. 0.103 ± 0.037mV; p=0.007). There was a significant difference in mean PVL1 between those with no IAB, partial IAB and advanced IAB (p = <0.001). Those with any type of IAB had a significantly lower mean PVL1 than those without (0.094 ± 0.032 mV vs. 0.106 ± 0.038 mV; p=0.005). Patients who developed AF had a significantly longer P-wave duration (126 ± 20ms vs. 119 ± 17ms; p=0.022). Patients with IAB were more likely to develop new-onset AF (15.4% versus 7.5%, p=0.025). There were significant co-linear associations between reduced PVL1 and IAB (p=0.005); reduced PVL1 and diffuse CAD (p=0.031) and IAB and diffuse CAD (p=0.022). Conclusion: Reduced PVL1 and IAB are associated with new-onset AF in patients with NSTEMI. Reduced PVL1 and IAB are correlated with each other indicating a possible common underlying mechanism. Both parameters are associated with CAD.

Credits: Bryce Alexander, Adrian Kuchtaruk, Sohaib Haseeb, Henri van Rooy, Gary Tse, Wilma Hopman, Manuel Martinez-Selles, Antoni Bayés de Luna, Göksel Çinier, Adrian Baranchuk

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