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Dofetilide Initiation and Implications of Deviation From the Standard Protocol – A Real World Experience

Background Manufacturer/federal drug administration (FDA) recommends inpatient initiation of dofetilide with the manufacturer providing an initiation algorithm. The outcomes of algorithm deviation have not been reported outside of clinical trials. Objective We sought to perform a chart review of all the patients admitted for inpatient initiation of dofetilide to report on the incidence of protocol deviations and their implications. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all patients over a 15-month periodwho were initiated on dofetilide for the very first time or reinitiated on dofetilide after a break of three months or more at our institution. We assessed data about patients who were given dofetilide without adherence to the protocol (i.e. protocol deviation). Results A total of 189 patients were included in the study with a median age of 66 ± 9 years. Mean baseline QTc interval was 436 ± 32 msec, and 61% (116/189) were in atrial fibrillation (AF) at the time of dofetilide initiation. In 9% (17/189) of patients, the drug was discontinued due to intolerance or inefficacy. Therapy in 49% (93/189) of patients was noted to deviate from manufacturer recommended protocol with deviations more than once in some patients during the same hospitalization. Baseline QTc exceeding 440 msec(>500msec in conduction abnormalities) was the most frequent deviation (25%; 47/189).Ventricular tachyarrhythmia occurred in 4% (7/189) of patients, did not differ between patients, and occurred with and without protocol deviations (5% vs 2%; p = 0.27). Conclusions In our retrospective study, there were frequent deviations from the manufacturer-recommended algorithm guidelines for dofetilideinitation, primarily due to prolonged baseline QTc interval. The impact of these protocol deviations on drug discontinuation was uncertain; however, significant adverse events were significantly higher in the deviation group compared to the group that fully adhered to the protocol. Further multicenter studies are warranted to clarify our findings.

Credits: Tawseef Dar, Ghulam Murtaza, Bharath Yarlagadda, Bader Madoukh, Lesley Bravin, Venkat Vuddanda, Valay Parikh, Madhu Reddy, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy

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